Posts Tagged ‘Maltese Falcon’

Loro Piana Caribbean Superyacht Regatta to Feature Doyle Powered Yachts

It’s our favorite time of the year as many of the world’s most spectacular superyachts converge in the Caribbean for two weeks of racing.  The first event will be the Loro Piana Caribbean Superyacht Regatta, with racing starting Saturday.  Highlighting the diversity of Doyle’s design, engineering and construction capabilities, the event will feature Doyle-powered contenders in all four divisions.

Leopart 3

In Division A, the Farr 100 Leopard 3 looks to continue building on her recent string of successes.  Last year, Leopard 3 wrapped up 2016 with class wins at both Maxi Worlds and le Voiles de Saint Tropez and then took line honors in RORC Transatlantic Race.  Just last month she was kitted out for Offshore racing mode, finishing second across the line in the Caribbean 600.


In Division B, perennial power P2 will begin the 2017 looking to repeat the success of 2016.  Last year, the 125′ Perini Navi/Briand collaboration won her class at both the Loro Piana Caribbean Superyacht Regatta and St Barths Bucket, and then crossed the pond and won her class at the Palma Superyacht Cup – winning all three races of the series.  For the Loro Piana event, she will be joined by Doyle Sailmakers founder and CEO Robbie Doyle on tactics, with Doyle’s Jud Smith also onboard for trim.

Perseus^3 Doyle Sails

In Division C, the incomparable 200′ Perini Navi Perseus^3 is back after making her Caribbean racing debut last season.  Carrying the world’s two largest spinnakers at 27,850 square feet and 23,045 square feet and with her masthead soaring 246 feet above the water, Perseus^3 is a sight to behold when she’s on the race course and literally stands taller than any of her competitors.  With her veteran crew returning this year, Perseus^3 quickly becomes a favorite.

Ammonite Southern Wind Doyle Sails

Grande Orazio Doyle Sails Southern WindIn Division D, two Southern Wind 82’s will be carrying Doyle Sails – Ammonite and Grande Orazio.  This year is the first time both of these nimble, high performance yachts have competed in the Loro Piana Caribbean Superyacht Regatta, so it should be very exciting to watch their performance.

After three days of racing in Virgin Gorda, many of the same yachts will head over to St Barths, for the 22nd edition of the St Barths Bucket Regatta.  With 38 yachts competing, the Bucket is the largest superyacht regatta of the year, and again will feature numerous Doyle-powered yachts, ranging from the 100′ Leopard 3, one of the smallest yachts competing, to the iconic 288′ Maltese Falcon, the largest of this year’s entries.

2011 St. Barths Bucket Brings Together World’s Largest Superyachts

St. Barths Bucket 2011

Doyle Sailmakers is proud to have sponsored the St. Barths Bucket Regatta held March 25-27, 2011. This year marked the 25th year of Bucket racing – and the 15th edition of the St Barths Bucket. Of the 40 superyachts competing in this legendary event, 15 were new to the Bucket fleet. The average length of yacht was a staggering 64 meters. Lined up bow to stern, the yachts would measure almost three kilometers.

Maltese Falcon at 2011 St Barths Bucket

It was a spectacular sight to be seen with the 89m dyna rig Maltese Falcon, 75m Mirabella V and 58m Kokomo III all on the same starting line at the 2011 St. Barths Bucket with 100% Doyle Sails.

Kokomo III at 2011 St Barths Bucket

During three days of racing, the fleet of 40 superyachts raced around the volcanic island counterclockwise on day one, tackled the infamous “Not So Wiggly Course” on day two, and on day three raced around the island clockwise. The fleet is divided into three categories: Les Elegantes des Mers for the J Class, Les Grandes Dames des Mers for the Cruising Class, and Les Gazelles des Mers for the Racing Class, making the racing more equally competitive and safer. The races are pursuit format, with staggered starts according to each yacht’s rating. The slowest boat is first off the line, and the rest of the fleet starts at time intervals determined by each boat’s predicted elapsed time around the course. Theoretically in a pursuit race, all the yachts will cross the finish line at the same time.

Mirabella V and Kokomo III carried the latest Doyle Stratis sails, while Maltese Falcon carried her 25,791 square feet of Dacron Doyle sails that have taken her over 90,000 miles.

The 96´sloop Symmetry with a full inventory of Doyle Stratis upwind and Doyle downwind sails came in 3rd Overall and 2nd in Les Gazelles.

AXIA at 2011 St Barths BucketAxia

Perhaps the belle of the ball was the 37m AXIA, one of the smallest yachts in Les Grandes Dames, who won her class with her new Doyle Stratis sails.

The Ron Holland designed Blue Too came in 3rd in Les Grand Dames. Blue Too was delivered to its new Owner just six weeks before the Bucket. Blue Too was powered by Doyle Stratis Carbon/Vectran sails and Doyle downwind sails. This was the owner’s first Bucket as an Owner and what an impressive first Bucket it was for him, the Captain and Crew.

Blue Too Celebrating 3rd in Les Grand Dames and the Alloy Cup

In addition to coming in 3rd in class, Blue Too won the Alloy Cup, for best performance by an Alloy Yacht. The four Alloy Yacht competitors included: Kokomo III 58m, Genevieve 38m, Blue Too 34m, and Paraiso 32m.

The 38m P2 won the Perini Navi Cup, awarded to the Perini-Navi Yacht with the best result. Of the 40 yachts competing, the seven Perini-Navi yachts include: Maltese Falcon 88m, Parsifal III 54m, Klosters 47m, Antara 46m, Helios II 45m, and P2 38m.

Maltese Falcon won the Vitter’s Shipyard Seamanship Trophy, awarded to the yacht that demonstrates the best seamanship and sportsmanship in the interest of promoting safety on the race course. This award recognizes the yacht that best demonstrates the understanding that superyachts have serious limitations operating safely in close quarters and value safety well above performance.

In addition to coming in 1st in Les Grand Dames, AXIA also successfully defended the Skullduggery Cravat, holding the trophy for the best Bucket humor for 3 years running. The Skullduggery Cravat is awarded to the yacht and crew who display the best Bucket humor and promulgates non-adult behavior.

To view more photos click here of the 2011 St. Barths Bucket.

How Does the Design of the Maltese Falcon Sails Relate to Winning Star Sails?

The process is complex, but the results simple: Stronger, Faster Sails.

Integrating High Performance Parallel Computing (HPC) with state-of-the art Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Structural Mechanics (FEA) software from industry leader ANSYS Doyle Sailmakers has recently begun utilizing a high resolution, fully coupled computational simulation environment designed specifically to answer real world sailing challenges.

The complex turbulent flow around sails, rigs, and hulls is calculated to solve for millions of data points in the flow surrounding the sails. The detailed stress distribution and deformation that results in the sails and rigs from the forces imposed by the flow is then calculated using a Structural Solver with a composites pre-processor to accurately model the complex overlapping fiber and panel layouts in modern sails.

As Jud Smith says: “I love the flow graphics, I don’t understand the process, but the results in improved sail performance are undeniable.”

Flow Visualization From Star CFD Upwind Simulation (AWA=22, AWS=15 kts)

To learn more about Doyle Star sails, click here.

To learn how the DOYLE Engineering Department optimized the sail shape for a boat 88 meters in overall length, with a mast height of 53 meters off the water and maximum yard length of 22 meters, read Tyler Doyle, DOYLE’s head engineer, coauthored paper, Optimization of Yard Sectional Shape and Configuration for a Modern Clipper Ship.

Doyle Engineers Sails for Maltese Falcon

Maltese Falcon

On June 7th, 2006 Maltese Falcon successfully completed her first sail trial. At 289 feet long, a displacement of 1,240 tons, and draft of 19.7 feet, the Ken Freivokh-designed Maltese Falcon is the largest private sailing yacht in the world. With her three 191-foot tall rotating masts and 25,791 square feet of sail area, the Maltese Falcon is a truly revolutionary yacht built by Perini Navi. Based on the DynaRig square rig concept, developed with Gerry Dijkstra & Partners of Holland, each mast carries five separate push button-controlled, internally furled square sails engineered by DOYLE Sailmakers.

To view more photos from the sail trials of the Maltese Falcon,click here.

“The Maltese Falcon has written a new page in the history of yachting, the DynaRig is no longer an experimental concept” is Tom Perkins’, the owner, first comment to this stunning success. “Everything worked as engineered and the yacht achieved some remarkable numbers: hard on wind in 15.8 knots true, at 38 degrees relative wind angle. we sailed with no fuss or strain at 10.5 knots. On a close reach at 60 degrees relative angle, the speed (still at knots 16 true wind) climbed to 14 knots. The balance is, essentially, perfect–with weather helm never exceeding 0.6 degrees on the wind, or 2.5 degrees on a fast reach. The angle of heel was around 15 degrees, but in a puff, once touched 20 degrees. The leeway angle was well under 5 degrees (without the dagger-board in place). Since it was our first day out, and we wanted to be careful, these results were achieved with the topgallants and the royals furled–so we expect even better numbers in further tests. The maximum loading on the masts never exceeded 50% of our (very, very conservative) limit, so we have plenty of room for some even better results.

“There were no untoward effects from the revolutionary rig. The automatic tacking worked smoothly in all wind strengths–tacking takes only 1.5 minutes, and curiously, she tacks quite readily in light winds, perhaps even easier than in heavier air, (because the wind force against the rigs, when backed, increases with the square of the wind velocity). Jibing is almost trivial and, to a passenger, virtually undetectable.”

To learn how the DOYLE Engineering Department optimized the sail shape for a boat 88 meters in overall length, with a mast height of 53 meters off the water and maximum yard length of 22 meters, read Tyler Doyle, DOYLE’s head engineer, coauthored paper, Optimization of Yard Sectional Shape and Configuration for a Modern Clipper Ship.

For more information on the Maltese Falcon, visit

YouTube – The Greatest Sailboat Ever – Maltese Falcon
YouTube – The Boaters TV 2 – Sailing Yacht The Maltese Falcon
YouTube – Superyacht Cup Antigua 2006
Superyacht Sets Sail – CNET July 14, 2006
Sailing Yacht ‘Maltese Falcon’ – Luxury Perini Navy Yacht Charter
Perini Navi “Maltese Falcon”
UK Company Engineer Rig for $100 Million Superyacht
Venture Capitalist Tom Perkins ’53 Launches a Superyacht – and a Novel
More photos of the Maltese Falcon

Trickle Down Theory: The Engineering Reality Show!

In the past year alone Doyle Sailmakers has faced the engineering challenge of building the sails for the 246-foot Mirabella V, the world’s largest sloop, as well as the 285-foot Maltese Falcon, which has a DynaRig consisting of squaresails on three freestanding carbon spars. The engineering challenges of these two mega projects could not be more diverse, yet both have and continue to have a great impact at how we look at and manufacture all our sails.

Meeting the Challenges of the World’s Largest Sloop

Engineering - Mirabella V sails

Mirabella V

On Mirabella V everything had to do with the sails being so much larger than any that had ever been built. The mainsail alone is three times bigger than the previous world’s largest mainsail! The loads are proportionately as large. As the decision was made early on to forego a rollboom, having the sails three times the weight was not an option. A much lighter fabric that could withstand the enormous loads needed to be developed and so Doyle developed OceanWeave®. OceanWeave is a woven Vectran x Vectran fabric that does not require film to stabilize it. The fabric that made up Mirabella V’s main was only 16.1 SM-oz (20.3 ox/yd2, which is lighter than many of the fabrics used on sails 25% the size of MV’s main). The fabric that made up her largest headsail, the UPS, was 8.0 SM-oz-10.1 oz/yd2. OceanWeave!

Mirabella V's Segmented Sail Section

Mirabella V's Segmented Sail

Despite being as weight-efficient as it was, the size and weight, as well as it being a full-battened mainsail, meant that it would be impossible to construct Mirabella V’s main using normal sail manufacturing techniques. Thus, the Segmented Mainsail was born. The Segmented Mainsail allowed the sail to be made in six separate pieces (the top batten was not a segmented batten, but slid into a pocket), connected by the battens that served as connecting hinges. This construction method also allows MV’s main to be serviced in separate segments as needed.

Mirabella V's Spring Battens

Mirabella V's Spring Battens

With battens as long as 80 feet (25 meters), breaking battens had to be avoided at all cost. The fact that the battens hold the sail together made this even more imperative. The Doyle Engineering Department worked with Ted Van Dusen to design extremely resilient battens as well as to develop the compression springs at the inboard end of the battens so that when the battens that overlap the backstay by a whopping 7.5 feet [2.3m] accidentally snapped through between the back stay and the mast they would not break. While it was intended that this would be avoided as much as humanely possible, on the very first setting of the main a 30-degree wind shift that came in at 200 feet off the water (while the wind direction was still the same on deck), tested the Compression Spring Battens to their core—and they passed! The Doyle Engineering Department not only designed the batten end fittings but manufactured them as well.

Soft Corner on Mirabella V

Soft Corner on Mirabella V

After having witnessed the damage that a four- or five-pound leech reef block can do to a sail, when the originally designed reef blocks arrived at the loft weighing 76 pounds we realized we had another challenge. So the Engineering Department took a coffee break and designed the Reefing Donut. These easily removable donuts weigh in at 24 pounds. They could have been lighter but we wanted to maintain the generous 10-inch diameter for the line to bend around as well as have two independent Vectran line attachments. While not invented for Mirabella V, the manufacturing of her sails would have been impossible without the highly refined, integral Soft Corners (first developed for the J Class Velsheda) that provide the strongest possible corners without the needless build up of thickness and weight.

Dynamic Solutions to a Mega-Size DynaRig

DynaRig profile of the Maltese Falcon

Maltese Falcon's DynaRig Profile

The 30,000 square feet of sail area in Maltese Falcon’s three masts is divided into 15 sails (five per mast). The challenge for these sails is that they are stored inside the mast and are deployed integrally into the yardarms, so that when all five sails are out at once on a mast they form a continuous wing. To accomplish this deployment and maintain the desired shape and limit the loading, these sails needed to be constructed to a precision in 3D not demanded by any other rig. Specialty design and paneling programs have had to be employed that go well beyond our normal, refined sail design software.

The latest in finite element analysis for sails, Relax, confirmed our back-of-the-envelope calculation that the best Dacron fabric, with appropriate plying, could handle the loading of the individual sails. Utilizing fabric that would give a bit would lessen the loading on the highly-loaded upper and lower grooves and thus this choice had other significant advantages as well.

As the entire sail, corners and all, need to furl inside the mast there is no room for corner rings or blocks of any sort. There are conditions where the loads generated by this 285-foot vessel will to be borne by a single sail in gale conditions! Thus, the world’s toughest bolt rope needed to be developed. It has been produced from a specially constructed 10 mm Vectran bolt rope by Yale Cordage and inserted into a specially woven Spectra x Spectra bolt rope. This same technology is now being utilized in our bolt ropes for rollboom mainsails.

In summary, detailed load analysis run for both Mirabella V and Maltese Falcon, along with the parsing of the problems we faced in each of these projects, has opened Doyle engineers’ eyes to better solutions for fabric construction, batten construction, batten fittings, rollboom luff tapes, and confirmed the importance of our integral Soft Corners.